How to Hire Software Developers in Ukraine? [2019 Updated]

bridge in Kyiv Ukraine

In this article we are talking about how to hire developers in Ukraine and what you should pay attention to when choosing a vendor.

We also provide average engineers salary ranges to help you make decision.

Ukraine is being chosen by those seeking to hire software developers more frequently as other locations around Europe.

It is a natural process that is based on the competitive prices for Ukrainian developers, ever-growing talent pool and extensive experience in this sphere.

Here’s the guide on finding the best outsourcing provider and hiring dedicated developers of the best rank for your project.

How Can You Hire Programmers in Ukraine?

Clients may hire Ukrainian developers in five ways:

  1. Hire freelancers;
  2. Turn to recruitment agencies;
  3. Search for proper talent at the job search platforms;
  4. Hire outsourcing companies;
  5. Turn to IT staffing companies.

Freelancers

Freelancing is a type of employment presupposing the free schedule of the employee and his/her work from home.

Many Ukrainian programmers prefer to work as freelancers today because this gives them the flexibility of working time and the freedom to work on several projects at the same time.

Moreover, freelance projects are available for developers across the globe, which doesn’t limit the job search only to the developer’s physical location.

A considerable advantage of freelancing is physical mobility; numerous Ukrainian software developers become digital nomads traveling for pleasure and working from a variety of locations.

Today it’s very easy to find a suitable freelancer at such global platforms as Freelancer, Upwork, Fiverr, or LinkedIn.

Working with a freelancer has some pros and cons the employer should consider before making the employment decision.

Pros:

  • Ability to find the proper talent without geographical limitations;
  • Low price of freelancing work as compared to the in-house specialist;
  • No markup costs of providing the employee with a working place, equipment, tax payments from his/her salary, and social package.

Cons:

  • Communication challenges (e.g., cultural, time zone-related);
  • Less employee commitment to the project;
  • Lower reliability of freelance team members (e.g., they can disappear or not finish the project).

Based on these pluses and minuses of working with freelancers, one should consider this mode of employment for only short-term projects or for the completion of certain insignificant project aspects, not for long-term responsible tasks.

Recruitment Agencies

Recruitment agencies are intermediaries between the company looking for a new employee and the job seekers looking for employment.

While small companies usually don’t have the recruitment department at all, large corporations’ HR departments are often overloaded with tasks.

Thus, any business may require the assistance of a recruitment agency at some point of time to delegate the recruitment processes to outside professionals.

Why hire a Ukrainian recruitment agency? Such a decision has many advantages for the client as Ukrainian recruiters charge less for their services and know the Ukrainian job market well.

They also possess local resume databases and know effective channels of candidate search.

However, Ukrainian recruiters rarely check the candidate’s soft skills and do not follow up the candidate upon his/her employment in the company.

Job Search Websites

The most traditional method of employee search is the selection of candidates’ resumes at the job search websites and the publication of your company’s vacancy.

The benefits of this method include its cost-efficiency and access to thousands of resumes to select an ideal candidate fitting your project.

The cons of such an approach include fees for the vacancy publication and the need to waste much time on the search of proper candidates among thousands of non-suitable resumes.

Where to look for such websites?

Google search will provide you with a number of useful resources to start with. You can also check the list of useful websites here.

Outsourcing

Outsourcing is a mode of employment presupposing the recruitment of specialists, teams, or even entire companies abroad for the completion of development projects.

Project-based outsourcing is very common in Ukraine.

It is applied when not the team, but the product is the top priority.

However, outsourcing solutions are suitable mostly for the short-term projects.

Though the client is free to select the outsourcing company, this is still an illusion of choice. The project is completed by specialists who are already in the outsourced team, so there is rarely an opportunity for proper candidate selection or customization.

Where to look for outsourcers?

Again, numerous freelancing sites provide an excellent choice of talent from the entire world, and outsourcing teams work at Freelancer and Upwork.

Other popular resources include Elance, Guru, Amazon’s Mechanical Turk, etc.

Staffing Companies

Staffing is a method of employment presupposing the recruitment of individual developers or entire development teams who work in the staffing company’s office under your supervision.

Pros:

  • Candidate recruitment is conducted professionally based on your specific requirements;
  • You interview the candidates on your own and make hiring decisions;
  • Recruiters check the soft skills of candidates together with their tech stack.

Cons:

  • The process may be costly, so it’s better to hire a staffing agency once you realize you need a candidate for long-term collaboration.

Thus, as you can see, this variant is ideal for companies that prioritize the recruitment of proper talent.

You provide the company with requirements to the candidate and they its professional recruiters search for the suitable applicant by reviewing resumes and weeding out the non-fitting job seekers.

Where to find a professional IT staffing agency?

It depends on the country in which you wish you find a team of programmers.

Qubit Labs provides professional staffing services in Ukraine to connect clients with the best Ukrainian software developers.

The range of services that staffing companies usually provide includes: dedicated team, ODC, turnkey R&D centers, and relocation.

Let’s consider each of the approaches in more detail.

Dedicated Development Team

With the dedicated team model, an outsourcing vendor hires one or a few dedicated developers, hosts them in the office, provides with all utensils, and manages the office and HR.

Offshore Development Center

When a customer needs not only dedicated developers in Ukraine, but also a technical lead and project manager, they address an outsourcing vendor to open an offshore development center.

R&D center

With a turnkey R&D center solution that is currently gaining momentum, a provider establishes a separate office for the client’s team, hires the world-class Ukrainian software developers and manages all questions related to the operation of such an office in the beginning.

Most of those R&D centers are prospected to become local offices for the companies.

Relocation

With the latter option, an vendor hires Ukrainian developers for the less valuable projects of a client, and if a developer brilliantly matches the requirements, both companies relocate that developer to the client’s country to work in their main office.

For Ukraine, those are usually located in Western Europe and the USA.

10 Steps to Hire Top Ukrainian Developers

  1. Choose a vendor
    Don’t select 10 companies at once; limit your choice to 2-5 companies based on the client reviews on trusted resources (e.g., Clutch.co) and recommendations of colleagues and friends.
  2. Find out as much as possible about your chosen vendor
    Key issues to turn your attention to include the range of vendor’s services, the number of years in the market, the process of candidate selection (whether only tech skills or tech and soft skills are reviewed, whether the candidates’ English proficiency is checked).

    Inquire the vendor about the services and pricing, compare the results.

  3. Write the job description
    Give as much detail as possible so that you get the required candidate and don’t waste your time and resources.
  4. Set up a dedicated team structure
    Determine the number of Ukrainian programmers you need for the project.

    You can start the search from one developer and then expand the team gradually or hire the entire team at once (team recruitment may cost less, with appealing discounts provided depending on the number of candidates).

  5. Get acquainted with your recruiter
    As soon as the negotiation phase is over and you sign a contract with the IT staffing company, you get the recruiter for your specific project.

    It’s vital to ensure that you are on the same page with that person and can establish trusting relationship.

    You should openly communicate your preferences to him/her for the sake of the productive outcome.

  6. Review your email regularly

    The Ukrainian IT market is booming, so candidates have a number of job offers to choose from.

    Review the candidates’ resumes you receive from the recruiter regularly so that the candidate is not hired by another company while you’re making the decision.

    The recruiter may also have questions, and the promptness of your replies determines the outcomes of the hiring process.

  7. Interview candidates
    The advantage of addressing an IT staffing company is your opportunity to interview candidates directly.

    Your recruiter arranges the suitable schedule for you and your candidates, introduces them to you, and you conduct the job interview on your own.

    The clients decides how many stages the interviewing process has, whether the candidates complete test tasks, etc.

  8. Give feedback
    Both the recruiter and job candidates wish to know your opinion.

    If something goes wrong, the recruiter needs to understand that to adjust the candidate search for better outcomes.

  9. Hire programmers
    Think twice before making the hiring decision, but don’t wait too long.

    Unnecessary delays may spoil your image, and the candidate may refuse to wait for the interview results, preferring to accept another employer’s offer.

  10. Start working
    Work with dedicated teams differs from that with in-house staff.

    However, in both cases, the team needs an onboarding procedure.

    Start the new employee’s (or team’s) working day with introducing them to the rest of the team, their responsibilities, and working toolkit.

Why Ukrainian Programmers are Top Choice?

The Ukrainian developers are comparably popular on the market, so it is quite hard to hire a qualitative and responsible freelance developer, especially when all of them are in contact with potential clients.

It is much simpler and more reliable to use the services of outsourcing companies, as they often already may have a pool of possible matches, already vetted and interviewed beforehand.

Here’s the list of top 10 reasons to hire Ukrainian developers:

Expertise
Ukraine is in the list of contender countries in the EMEA region with a great potential of providing quality IT services and hosting professional IT talent – see the report by Gartner. Moreover, Ukraine has recently become the Offshoring Destination of the Year.

Large pool of IT companies
The comfortable environment for IT companies in Ukraine is strengthened by a large talent pool with the great education, various hands-on expertise, and comfortable taxation.

At present, Ukraine hosts almost 2,000 IT companies (1,650 in 2017) with impressive growth tempos and productivity indicators.

In 2016, 10 Ukrainian companies were included in the IAOP’s The Global Outsourcing Top 100 list, evaluated by various criteria such as the size and growth, customers’ recommendations, certificates, prizes, innovations and corporate responsibility.

The Global Outsourcing Top 100 for the year 2018 lists 19 Ukrainian companies.

In the first half of 2017, the number of specialists hired by the top 50 Ukrainian IT companies has grown by 3,000, and 2,100 of them have been hired by the top 25 companies.

Most of the companies plan to continue an active growth in 2019, and this rate is predicted to be at 20% to 25% a year.

Number of Ukrainian Programmers

Today’s pool of qualified Ukrainian programmers is almost 160,000, according to the research by DOU.

Compared to the data for the previous two years – 130,000 in 2017 and 100,000 in 2016 – Ukrainian IT job market shows the 20-30% growth rate.

With this rate, the IT services may become the biggest export of Ukraine in just 7 to 10 years.

Over 60% of Ukrainian developers have full high education, and only 2% work with basic school education.

Popular Technologies
Ukrainian software developers grow and advance together with the market by exploring the latest technologies in demand (e.g., Erlang, Apex, Groovy, Objective-C, Scala, Kotlin, etc.).

Thus, clients may find developers specializing in rare technologies for which the job supply is scarce.

With almost a quarter of market taken, Java still remains the most popular technology in Ukraine, followed by JavaScript and C#, both at 16%, PHP at 13%, Python at 7%, C++ at 5% and Swift, Ruby and Golang and , all covering 4,5% of the market.

The Top 10 is closed by TypeScript according to the research by DOU. Although Java is still headlining, the new technologies are gaining followers and increasing their share.

For the most contemporary technologies, the average experience of a developer in Ukraine varies between 2 and 8 years but is generally bigger for older and often more complex technologies like C/C++, Pascal, Perl, Scala, and SQL.

Education
In 2018, over 36,000 students graduated from technical educational establishments with a mixture of theoretical and practical knowledge of Ruby, Python, QA, PHP, JavaScript, C#, C/C++, Java, and database development.

Integration of IT education and practice continues to grow in Ukraine, with numerous curricular and extracurricular activities and internships organized by leading IT companies.

Courses
Alongside with formal higher education, numerous experts receive vital IT knowledge and skills at the IT sources.

In 2016, the number of course graduates exceeded 43,000 persons, and their number grows persistently.

Mentality
Ukrainian IT developers possess a laborious, resourceful nature that fits the IT companies’ requirements ideally. Clients won’t face any major cultural differences while working with Ukrainian development teams.

Convenient time zone
Work with Ukrainian outstaffed developers and teams is comfortable for numerous European companies because of insignificant time differences.

Even if the client company is located in the USA or Canada, you will have a few overlapping workring hours to hold important meetings and calls.

Affordable rates and salaries
Any company can find a highly qualified candidate in Ukraine at an affordable hourly or monthly rate, several times lower than that of IT developers in European countries and the USA.

English proficiency
Almost 80% of Ukrainian programmers have at least intermediate English proficiency, which enables them to work with literally any international project.

And half of the IT specialists speak English freely, which lifts the language barrier and makes collaboration with them easier.

Main Software Development Cities of Ukraine

Kyiv

Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine and the most populous city with over 4 million inhabitants, has to offer the best educational and employment options. Most of the local developers are educated in Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Taras Shevchenko National University, and Kyiv Polytechnic Institute.

Kharkiv

Historically, Kharkiv (1.5 million) is the most technologically advanced city in Ukraine with strong high education establishments, the most notable of them are KhNURE and Kuznets KhNEU.

Lviv

Lviv is a less populated city (~760 thousand) but is very popular among the Ukrainian software engineers and IT outsourcing companies due to its the closest location to Europe. Lots of local programmers are educated in Ivan Franko Lviv National University or the famous Lvivska Politekhnika.

Odesa

Odesa is another large city (~1 million) with several educational options as well. Surprisingly, the IT companies often offer salaries higher than in Kyiv which attracts some developers to the most expensive city in Ukraine.

Vinnytsia

The list is closed by smaller city of Vinnytsia (~ 370 thousand), which raises the tech specialists in Vinnytsia National Technical University, and Vasyl Stus National University of Donetsk, moved here due to the conflict in Eastern Ukraine. Vinnytsia has a surprisingly large talent pool for a city of this size.

Average Programmers Salaries in Ukraine

Technology/Seniority LevelJuniorMiddleSenior
PHP Developer$500-1000$1500-2500$3000-5000
Ruby On Rails Developer$800-1500$2000-3000$3500-4500
iOS Developer$500-900$1200-2000$2500-3500
Java Developer$800-1200$2000-2800$3000-5000
Android Developer$500-900$1200-2000$2500-3500
C++ Developer$800-1200$2000-2800$3000-5000
Unity Developer$500-900$1500-2000$2500-4000
Salesforce Developer$1000-1500$2500-3500$4000-4500
Angular Developer$500-1000$1500-2800$3000-5000

Salaries of software engineers in Ukraine can range from a few hundred dollars for juniors and reach 8k in case of the leading system architects. Naturally, the actual salaries heavily depend on the technologies, location, and experience. But if we take average monthly salaries, the figures for 2019 would the following:

PHP Developers
Junior PHP developer in Ukraine gets about $500 a month. If you want to hire Ukrainian software developer of a middle level, the monthly cost for you would be $1500-2500. The salary of a senior PHP developer is two times hire – $3500. Top level system architect receives $5000.

Ruby On Rails Developers
RoR developers are a bit more expensive than PHP programmers but no shocking sums anyway. To hire an entry-level programmer your budget should be $800. Middle and senior RoR developers get $2500 and $4500 respectively.

iOS Developers
Some few observable points are the growth of the margin between the entry-level and senior positions and an increase of junior salaries in technologies like Objective-C. The average yearly spend of a Ukrainian IT company on a junior developer’s salary is approximately $700 a month, while senior iOS developer can get up to $3500.

Java Developers
In 2019 Java remains the most popular language among Ukrainian developers taking about 20% of Ukrainian IT market.
Due to the high demand of the specialists of this technology the salaries are the following: entry-level Java developer gets around $1000 per month. The pay drastically rises for middle Java programmer – $2650, while hiring a senior developer would cost you $4500.

Android Developers
If you want to hire a Java Android developer, the salaries would be a bit lower. Junior’s monthly income vary from $500 to $600. Middle’s salary reaches $2000 point, and senior Java Android developers usually ask for $3500.

C++ Developers
C++ developer salary in Ukraine is around $1000 if we mean junior-level programmer. Salary of senior C++ programmer goes up to $4500. Middle developers would earn about $2500 a month.

Unity Developers
Salary of a junior Unity Developer in Ukraine varies from $500 to $900. Middle specialists in the niche gets up to $2000, however sometimes you can find devs with a slightly lower income. Unity developer with 5+ years of experience can get $4000 monthly.

Salesforce Developers
Salary of a middle Salesforce developer starts from $2500 and reaches $3500. Experienced Salesforce programmer gets from $4000 to $4500.

Angular Developers
On average, Angular Developer in Ukraine gets $800 if his/her experience doesn’t exceed one-two years. Mid-level specialist costs up to $2700, while senior Angular programmer gets $3000-5000 monthly.

These are only a few examples of software engineers salaries in Ukraine, but if to compare them with the global tendencies, Ukraine appears to have one of the best quality-price ratio in the world.

If you are interested in hiring dedicated developers in Ukraine and want to know more about local salaries, contact us and we will find you best programmers according to your skill and budget requirements.

How Does Qubit Labs Hire Dedicated Development Team for Clients?

If you want to hire developers or build a software development team in Ukraine  – it is a comparably easy task with its number of great developers for a competitive price.

We offer outstaffing services in Ukraine, so you can work with the best technical talents.

The task of hiring developers becomes even easier with our talent pool, IT recruiters, wide connections in outsourcing world and awesome corporate culture.

Looking for a team of software developers who can become an effective extension to your inhouse team or you want to set up an independent offshore development team that will be a main executor?

Contact us for a short call to discuss your needs!

Elena Kononchuk
Recruiting Team Leader
Elena is a recruiter and head hunter with experience in providing full cycle of recruiting process, managing candidates pipelines, creating and executing multichannel sourcing strategy to find candidates meeting client’s needs.